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(精校版)2018年江苏英语高考试题文档版(含答案).doc

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(精校版)2018年江苏英语高考试题文档版(含答案).doc

绝密★启用前 2018 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英 语(江苏卷)第一部分 听力共两节,满分 30 分做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。学*科网第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例How much is the shirt A. 19. 15. B. 9. 18. C. 9. 15.答案是 C。1. What will James do tomorrowA. Watch a TV program. B. Give a talk. C. Write a report.2. What can we say about the woman A. She’s generous. B. She’s curious. C. She’s helpful.3. When does the train leaveA. At 630. B. At 830. C. At 1030.4. How does the woman go to workA. By car. B. On foot. C. By bike. 5. What is the probable relationship between the speakersA. Classmates. B. Teacher and student. C. Doctor and patient.第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。6. What does the woman regretA. Giving up her research.B. Dropping out of college.C. Changing her major. 7. What is the woman interested in studying nowA. Ecology. B. Education. C. Chemistry. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。8. What is the man A. A hotel manager. B. A tour guide. C. A taxi driver.9. What is the man doing for the womanA. Looking for some local foods.B. Showing her around the seaside.C. Offering information about a hotel.听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。10. Where does the conversation probably take placeA. In an office. B. At home C. At a restaurant.11. What will the speakers do tomorrow eveningA. Go to a concert. B. Visit a friend. C. Work extra hours.12. Who is Alice going to call A. Mike. B. Joan. C. Catherine.听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。13. Why does the woman meet the manA. To look at an apartment.B. To deliver some furniture.C. To have a meal together.14. What does the woman like about the carpetA. Its color. B. Its design. C. Its quality.15. What does the man say about the kitchenA. It’s a good size. B. It’s newly painted. C. It’s adequately equipped.16. What will the woman probably do nextA. Go downtown. B. Talk with her friend. C. Make payment.听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。17. Who is the speaker probably talking toA. Movie fans. B. News reporters. C. College students.18. When did the speaker take English classesA. Before he left his hometown.B. After he came to America.C. When he was 15 years old.19. How does the speaker feel about his teacherA. He’s proud. B. He’s sympathetic. C. He’s grateful.20. What does the speaker mainly talk aboutA. How education shaped his life.B. How his language skills improved.C. How he managed his business well.第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A 、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。学 科网例It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants.A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever答案是B。21. By boat is the only way to get here, which is _______ we arrived.A. where B. when C. why D. how22. Kids shouldn’t have access to violent films because they might _______ the things they see.A. indicate B. investigate C. imitate D. innovate23. Self-driving is an area _______ China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line.A. that B. where C. which D. when24. It’s strange that he _______ have taken the books without the owner’s permission.A. would B. should C. could D. might25. Developing the Yangtze River Economic Belt is a systematic project which _______ a clear road map and timetable.A. calls for B. calls on C. calls off D. calls up26. Around 13,500 new jobs were created during the period, _______ the expected number of 12,000 held by market analysts.A. having exceeded B. to exceed C. exceeded D. exceeding27. There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I _______ a second chance to become more involved.A. had B. will have C. would have had D. have had28. You know what I’ve got a New Year concert ticket.Oh, _______ You’re kidding.A. so what B. go ahead. C. come on. D. what for29. _______ you can sleep well, you will lose the ability to focus, plan and stay motivated after one or two nights.A. Once B. Unless C. If D. When30. I was sent to the village last month to see how the development plan _______ in the past two years.A. had been carried out B. would be carried outC.is being carried out D. has been carried out31. Hopefully in 2025 we will no longer be e-mailing each other, for we _______ more convenient electronic communication tools by then.A. have developed B. had developed C. will have developed D. developed32. Try to understand what’s actually happening instead of acting on the _______ you’ve made.A. assignment B. association C. acquisition D. assumption33. China’s soft power grows _______ the increasing appreciation and understanding of China globally.A. in line with B. in reply to C. in return for D. in honour of 34. Despite the poor service of the hotel, the manager is _______ to invest in sufficient training for his staff.A. keen B. reluctant C. anxious D. ready35. What happened Your boss seems to _______.Didn’t you know his secretary leaked the secret report to the pressA. be over the moon B. laugh his head off C. be all ears D. fly off the handle第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Raynor Winn and her husband Moth became homeless due to their wrong investment. Their savings had been 36 to pay lawyers’ fees. To make matters worse, Moth was diagnosed(诊断)with a 37 disease. There was no 38 , only pain relief.Failing to find any other way out, they decided to make a 39 journey, as they caught sight of an old hikers’徒步旅行者)guide.This was a long journey of unaccustomed hardship and 40 recovery. When leaving home, Raynor and Moth had just £320 in the bank. They planned to keep the 41 low by living on boiled noodles, with the 42 hamburger shop treat.zxxkWild camping is 43 in England. To avoid being caught, the Winns had to get their tent up 44 and packed it away early in the morning. The Winns soon discovered that daily hiking in their 50s is a lot 45 than they remember it was in their 20s. Raynor 46 all over and desired a bath. Moth, meanwhile, after an initial 47 , found his symptoms were strangely 48 by their daily tiring journey.49 , the couple found that their bodies turned for the better, with re-found strong muscles that they thought had 50 forever. "Our hair was fried and falling out, nails broken, clothes 51 to a thread, but we were alive."During the journey, Raynor began a career as a nature writer. She writes, " 52 had taken everymaterial thing from me and left me torn bare, an empty page at the end of an 53 written book. It had also given me a 54 , either to leave that page 55 or to keep writing the story with hope. I chose hope."36. A. drawn up B. used up C. backed up D. kept up37. A. mild B. common C. preventable D. serious38. A. cure B. luck C. care D. promise39. A. business B. walking C. bus D. rail40. A. expected B. frightening C. disappointing D. surprising41. A. budget B. revenue C. compensation D. allowance42. A. frequent B. occasional C. abundant D. constant43. A. unpopular B. lawful C. attractive D. illegal44. A. soon B. early C. late D. slowly45. A. harder B. easier C. cheaper D. funnier46. A. rolled B. bled C. ached D. trembled47. A. struggle B. progress C. excitement D. research48. A. developed B. controlled C. reduced D. increased49. A. Initially B. Eventually C. Temporarily D. Consequently50. A. gained B. kept C. wounded D. lost51. A. sewn B. washed C. worn D. ironed52. A. Doctors B. Hiking C. Lawyers D. Homelessness53. A. well B. partly C. neatly D. originally54. A. choice B. reward C. promise D. break55. A. loose B. full C. blank D. missing第三部分 阅读理解共15 小题; 每小题2 分, 满分30 分请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A 、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。学科.网AThe Metropolitan Museum of Art1000 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10028211-535-7710 www.metmuseum.orgEntrancesFifth Avenue at 82nd StreetHoursOpen 7 days a week.SundayThursday 10001730Friday and Saturday 10002100Closed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, January 1, and the first Monday in May.Admission25.00 recommended for adults, 12.00 recommended for students, includes the Main Building and The Cloisters(回廊)on the same day; free for children under 12 with an adult.Free with AdmissionAll special exhibitions, as well as films, lectures, guided tours, concerts, gallery talks, andfamily/children’s programs are free with admission.Ask about today’s activities at the Great Hall Information Desk.The Cloisters Museum and GardensThe Cloisters museum and gardens is a branch of The Metropolitan Museum of Art devoted to the art and architecture of Europe in the Middle Ages. The extensivecollection consists of masterworks in sculpture, colored glass, and precious objects from Europe dating from about the 9th to the 15th century.Hours Open 7 days a week.MarchOctober 10001715NovemberFebruary 10001645Closed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, and January 1.56. How much may they pay if an 11-year-old girl and her working parents visit the museumA. 12. B. 37. C. 50. D. 62.57. The attraction of the Cloisters museum and gardens lies in the fact that .A. it opens all the year round B. its collections date from the Middle AgesC. it has a modern European-style garden D. it sells excellent European glass collectionsBIn the 1760s, Mathurin Roze opened a series of shops that boasted(享有)a special meat soup called consomme. Although the main attraction was the soup, Roze’s chain shops also set a new standard for dining out, which helped to establish Roze as the inventor of the modern restaurant.Today, scholars have generated large amounts of instructive research about restaurants. Takevisual hints that influence what we eat diners served themselves about 20 percent more pasta(意大利面食)when their plates matched their food. When a dark-colored cake was served on a black plate rather than a white one, customers recognized it as sweeter and more tasty.Lighting matters, too. When Berlin restaurant customers ate in darkness, they couldn’t tell how much they’d had those given extra-large shares ate more than everyone else, but were none the wiserthey didn’t feel fuller, and they were just as ready for dessert.zxxkTime is money, but that principle means different things for different types of restaurants. Unlike fast-food places, fine dining shops prefer customers to stay longer and spend. One way to encourage customers to stay and order that extra round put on some Mozart莫扎特). When classical, rather than pop, music was playing, diners spent more. Fast music hurried diners out. Particular scents also have an effect diners who got the scent of lavender(薰衣草 )stayed longer and spent more than those who smelled lemon, or no scent.Meanwhile, things that you might expect to discourage spending"bad " tables, crowding, high prices don’t necessarily. Diners at bad tables next to the kitchen door, say spent nearly as much as others but soon fled. It can be concluded that restaurant keepers need not "be overly concerned about ‘bad’ tables," given that they’re profitable. As for crowds, a Hong Kong study found that they increased a restaurant’s reputation, suggesting great food at fair prices. And doubling a buffet’s price led customers to say that its pizza was 11 percent tastier.58. The underlined phrase "none the wiser" in paragraph 3 most probably implies that the customers were .A. not aware of eating more than usual B. not willing to share food with othersC. not conscious of the food quality D. not fond of the food provided59. How could a fine dining shop make more profitA. Playing classical music. B. Introducing lemon scent.C. Making the light brighter. D. Using plates of larger size.60. What does the last paragraph talk aboutA. Tips to attract more customers. B. Problems restaurants are faced with.C. Ways to improve restaurants’ reputation. D. Common misunderstandings about restaurants.CIf you want to disturb the car industry, you’d better have a few billion dollars Mom-and-pop carmakers are unlikely to beat the biggest car companies. But in agriculture, small farmers can get the best of the major players. By connecting directly with customers, and by responding quickly to changes in the markets as well as in the ecosystems生态系统, small farmers can keep one step ahead of the big guys. As the co-founder of the National Young Farmers Coalition NYFC, 美国青年农会)and a family farmer myself, I have a front-row seat to the innovations among small farmers that are transforming the industry.For example, take the Quick Cut Greens Harvester, a tool developed just a couple of years ago by a young farmer, Jonathan Dysinger, in Tennessee, with a small loan from a local Slow Money group. It enables small-scale farmers to harvest 175 pounds of green vegetables per houra huge improvement over harvesting just a few dozen pounds by handsuddenly making it possible for the little guys to compete with large farms of California. Before the tool came out, small farmers couldn’t touch the price per pound offered by California farms. But now, with the combination of a better price point and a generally fresher product, they can stay in business.The sustainable success of small farmers, though, won’t happen without fundamental changes to the industry. One crucial factor is secure access to land. Competition from investors. developers, and established large farmers makes owning one’s own land unattainable for many new farmers. From 2004 to 2013, agricultural land values doubled, and they continue to rise in many regions.zxxkAnother challenge for more than a million of the most qualified farm workers and managers is a non-existent path to citizenship the greatest barrier to building a farm of their own. With farmers over the age of 65 outnumbering(多于) farmers younger than 35 by six to one, and with two-thirds of the nation’s farmland in need of a new farmer, we must clear the path for talented people willing to grow the nation’s food.There are solutions that could light a path toward a more sustainable and fair farm economy, but farmers can’t clumsily put them together before us. We at the NYFC need broad support as we urge Congress to increase farmland conservation, as we push for immigration reform, and as we seek policies that will ensure the success of a diverse and ambitious next generation of farms from all backgrounds. With a new farm bill to be debated in Congress, consumers must take a stand with young farmers.61. The author mentions car industry at the beginning of the passage to introduce .A. the progress made in car industry B. a special feature of agricultureC. a trend of development in agriculture D. the importance of investing in car industry62. What does the author want to illustrate with the example in paragraph

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