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(精校版)2018年全国卷Ⅲ英语高考试题文档版(含答案).docx

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(精校版)2018年全国卷Ⅲ英语高考试题文档版(含答案).docx

绝密★启用前2018 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 III 卷)英 语注意事项1. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。2. 回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。3. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳答案。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例How much is the shirtA.£19.15. B.£9.18. C.£9.15.1.What does John find difficult in learning GermanA .Pronunciation. B. Vocabulary. C. Grammar.2.What is the probable relationship between the speakersA. Colleagues.B. Brother and sister.C. Teacher and student.3.Where does the conversation probably take placeA. In a bank. B. At a ticket office. C. On a train.4. What are the speakers talking aboutA.A restaurant. B.A street. C.A dish.5.What does the woman think of her interviewA. It was tough. B. It was interesting. C. It was successful.第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。6.When will Judy go to a partyA. On Monday. B. On Tuesday. C. On Wednesday.7.What will Max do nextA. Fly a kite. B. Read a magazine. C. Do his homework.听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。8. What does the man suggest doing at firstA. Going to a concert.B. Watching a movie.C. Playing a computer game.9.What do the speakers decide to doA. Visit Mike. B. Go boating. C. Take a walk.听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。10.Which color do cats see better than humansA. Red. B. Green. C. Blue.11.Why do cats bring dead birds homeA. To eat them in a safe place.B. To show off their hunting skills.C. To make their owners happy.12.How does the man sound at the end of the conversationA. Grateful. B. Humorous. C. Curious.听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。13.Who is MacyA. Ed’s mother. B. Ed’s teacher. C. Ed’s friend.14.How does Ed usually go to kindergartenA. By car. B. On foot. C. By bus.15.What does Ed enjoy doing at the kindergartenA. Telling stories. B. Singing songs. C. Playing with others.16.What do the teachers say about EdA. He’s clever. B. He’s quiet. C. He’s brave.听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。17. At what age did Emily start learning balletA. Five. B. Six. C. Nine.18.Why did Emily move to TorontoA. To work for a dance school.B. To perform at a dance theater.C. To learn contemporary dance.19.Why did Emily quit dancingA. She was too old to dance.B. She failed to get a scholarship.C. She lost interest in it.20.How does Emily feel about stopping trainingA. She’s pleased. B. She’s regretful. C. She’s upset第二部分 阅读理解共两节,满分 40 分第一节 共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。AWelcome to Holker Hall GardensVisitor InformationHow to Get to HolkerBy Car Follow brown signs on A590 from J36, M6. Approximate travel times Windermere-20 minutes, Kendal-25 minutes, Lancaster-45 minutes, Manchester-1 hour 30 minutes.By Rail The nearest station is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster and Preston for connections to major cities airports.Opening TimesSunday-Friday closed on Saturday1100 am-400pm, 30th March-2nd November.Admission ChargesHall Gardens GardensAdults 12.00 8.00Groups 9.00 5.50Special EventsProducers’ Market 13th AprilJoin us to taste a variety of fresh local food and drinks. Meet the producers and get some excellent recipe ideas.Holker Garden Festival 30th MayThe event celebrates its 22nd anniversary with a great show of the very best of gardening, making it one of the most popular events in gardening.National Garden Day 28th AugustHolker once again opens its gardens in aid of the disadvantaged. For just a small donation you can take a tour with our garden guide.Winter Market 8th NovemberThis is an event for all the family. Wander among a variety of shops selling gifs while enjoying a live music show and nice street entertainment.21. How long does it probably take a tourist to drive to Holker from ManchesterA.20 minutes. B.25 minutes. C.45 minutes. D.90 minutes.22.How much should a member of a tour group pay to visit to Hall GardensA.l2.00. B. 9.00. C. 8.00. D. 5.50.23.Which event will you go to if you want to see a live music show A. Producers’ Market. B. Holker Garden Festival.C. National Garden Day. D. Winter Market.BCities usually have a good reason for being where they are, like a nearby port or river. People settle in these places because they are easy to get to and naturally suited to communications and trade. New York City, for example, is near a large harbour at the mouth of the Hudson River. Over 300 years its population grew gradually from 800 people to 8 million. But not all cities develop slowly over a long period of time. Boom towns grow from nothing almost overnight. In 1896, Dawson, Canada, was unmapped wilderness荒野. But gold was discovered there in 1897, and two years later, it was one of the largest cities in the West, with a population of 30,000.Dawson did not have any of the natural conveniences of cities like London or Paris. People went there for gold. They travelled over snow-covered mountains and sailed hundreds of miles up icy rivers. The path to Dawson was covered with thirty feet of wet snow that could fall without warming. An avalanche雪崩 once closed the path, killing 63 people. For many who made it to Dawson, however, the rewards were worth the difficult trip. Of the first 20,000 people who dug for gold, 4,000 got rich. About 100 of these stayed rich men for the rest of their lives.But no matter how rich they were, Dawson was never comfortable. Necessities like food and wood were very expensive. But soon, the gold that Dawson depended on had all been found. The city was crowded with disappointed people with no interest in settling down, and when they heard there were new gold discoveries in Alaska, they left Dawson City as quickly as they had come. Today, people still come and go to see where the Canadian gold rush happened. Tourism is now the chief industry of Dawson City its present population is 762.24. What attracted the early settlers to New York CityA. Its business culture.B. Its small population.C. Its geographical position.D. Its favourable climate.25. What do we know about those who first dug for gold in DawsonA. Two-thirds of them stayed there.B. One out of five people got rich.C. Almost everyone gave up.D. Half of them died.26. What was the main reason for many people to leave DawsonA. They found the city too crowded.B. They wanted to try their luck elsewhere.C. They were unable to stand the winter.D. They were short of food.27. What is the text mainly aboutA. The rise and fall of a city.B. The gold rush in Canada.C. Journeys into the wilderness.D. Tourism in Dawson.CWhile famous foreign architects are invited to lead the designs of landmark buildings in China such as the new CCTV tower and the National Center for the Performing Arts, many excellent Chinese architects are making great efforts to take the center stage.Their efforts have been proven fruitful. Wang Shu, a 49-year-old Chinese architect, won the 2012 Pritzker Architecture Prize which is often referred to as the Nobel Prize in architecture on February 28. He is the first Chinese citizen to win this award.Wang serves as head of the Architecture Department at the China Academy of Art CAA. His office is located at the Xiangshan campus校园 of the university in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Many buildings on the campus are his original creations.zxxkThe style of the campus is quite different from that of most Chinese universities. Many visitors were amazed by the complex architectural space and abundant building types. The curves曲线 of the buildings perfectly match the rise and fall of hills, forming a unique view.Wang collected more than 7 million abandoned bricks of different ages. He asked the workers to use traditional techniques to make the bricks into walls, roofs and corridors. This creation attracted a lot of attention thanks to its mixture of modern and traditional Chinese elements元素.Wang’s works show a deep understanding of modern architecture and a good knowledge of traditions. Through such a balance, he had created a new type of Chinese architecture, said Tadao Ando, the winner of the 1995 Pritzker Prize.Wang believes traditions should not be sealed in glass boxes at museums. “That is only evidence that traditions once existed,“ he said.“Many Chinese people have a misunderstanding of traditions. They think tradition means old things from the past. In fact, tradition also refers to the things that have been developing and that are still being created, “ he said.“Today, many Chinese people are learning Western styles and theories rather than focusing on Chinese traditions. Many people tend to talk about traditions without knowing what they really are, “ said Wang.The study of traditions should be combined with practice. Otherwise, the recreation of traditions would be artificial and empty, he said.28. Wang’s winning of the prize means that Chinese architects are ___________.A. following the latest world trendB. getting international recognitionC. working harder than ever beforeD. relying on foreign architects29. What impressed visitors to the CAA Xiangshan campus mostA. Its hilly environment. B. Its large size.C. Its unique style. D. Its diverse functions.30. What made Wang’s architectural design a successA. The mixture of different shapes.B. The balance of East and West.C. The use of popular techniques.D. The harmony of old and new.31. What should we do about Chinese traditions according to WangA. Spread them to the world. B. Preserve them at museums.C. Teach them in universities. D. Recreate them in practice.DAdults understand what it feels like to be flooded with objects. Why do we often assume that more is more when it comes to kids and their belongings The good news is that I can help my own kids learn earlier than I did how to live more with less. zxxkI found the pre-holidays a good time to encourage young children to donate less-used things, and it worked. Because of our efforts, our daughter Georgia did decide to donate a large bag of toys to a little girl whose mother was unable to pay for her holiday due to illness. She chose to sell a few larger objects that were less often used when we promised to put the money into her school fund基金)our kindergarten daughter is serious about becoming a doctorFor weeks, I’ve been thinking of bigger, deeper questions How do we make it a habit for them And how do we train ourselves to help them live with, need, and use less Yesterday, I sat with my son, Shepherd, determined to test my own theory on this. I decided to play with him with only one toy for as long as it would keep his interest. I expected that one toy would keep his attention for about five minutes, ten minutes, max. I chose a red rubber ball simple, universally available. We passed it, he tried to put it in his mouth, he tried bouncing it, rolling it, sitting on it, throwing it. It was totally, completely enough for him. Before I knew it an hour had passed and it was time to move on to lunch.We both became absorbed in the simplicity of playing together. He had my full attention and I had his. My little experiment to find joy in a single object worked for both of us.32. What do the words “more is more” in Paragraph 1 probably meanA. The more, the better. B. Enough is enough.C. More money, more worries. D. Earn more and spend more.33.What made Georgia agree to sell some of her objectsA. Saving up for her holiday. B. Raising money for a poor girl.B. Adding the money to her fund. D. Giving the money to a sick mother.34. Why did the author play the ball with ShepherdA. To try out an idea.B. To show a parent’s love.C. To train his attention.D. To help him start a hobby.35.What can be a suitable title for the textA. Take It or Leave It B. A Lesson from KidsC. Live More with Less D. The Pleasure of Giving第二节 共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Before there was the written word, there was the language of dance. Dance expresses love and hate, joy and sorrow, life and death, and everything else in between.36 We dance from Florida to Alaska, from north to south and sea to sea. We dance at weddings, birthdays, office parties and just to fill the time.“I adore dancing,” says Lester Bridges, the owner of a dance studio in Iowa. “I can’t imagine doing anything else with my life.“ Bridges runs dance classes for all ages. “Teaching dance is wonderful. 37 It’s great to watch them. For many of them, it’s a way of meeting people and having a social life.“38 “I can tell you about one young couple,“ says Bridges. “They’re learning to do traditional dances. They arrive at the class in low spirits and they leave with a smile. 39 ”So, do we dance in order to make ourselves feel better, calmer, healthier Andrea Hillier says, “Dance, like the pattern of a beating heart, is life. Even after all these years, I want to get better and better. 40 I find it hard to stop Dancing reminds me I’m alive.“A. So why do we danceB. Dance in the U.S.is everywhere.C. If you like dancing outdoors, come to America.D. My older students say it makes them feel young.E. I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired.F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely.G. They stayed up all night long singing and dancing.第三部分 语言知识运用共两节,满分 45 分第一节 完形填空共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。When most of us get a text message on our cell phone from an unknown person, we usually say "sorry, 41 number" and move on. But when Dennis Williams 42 a text that clearly wasn’t intended for him, he did something 43 .On March 19, Dennis got a group text 44 him that a couple he didn’t know were at the hospital, waiting for the 45 of a baby."Congratulations But I think someone was mistaken," Dennis 46 . The baby was born and update texts were 47 quickly from the overjoyed grandmother, Teresa. In her 48 , she didn’t seem to realize that she was 49 the baby’s photos with a complete stranger. "Well, I don’t 50 you all but I will get there to take pictures with the baby," replied Dennis before asking which room the new 51 were in.Much to the family’s surprise, Dennis stuck to his 52 He turned up at the hospital 53 gifts for the new mother Lindsey and her baby boy. Lindsey’s husband was totally 54 by the unexpected visit. "I don’t think we would have randomly invited him over but we 55 it and the gifts."Teresa 56 a photo of the chance meeting on a social networking website 57 by the touching words "What a 58 this young man was to our family He was so 59 and kind to do this." The post has since gained the 60 of social media users all over the world, receiving more than 184,000 shares and

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