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(精校版)2018年天津英语高考试题文档版(含答案).doc

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(精校版)2018年天津英语高考试题文档版(含答案).doc

绝密★启用前2018 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)英语 笔试本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分,共 130 分,考试用时 100 分钟。第 I 卷1 至 10 页,第 II 卷 11 至 12 页。答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考号填写在答题卡上,并在规定位置粘贴考试用条形码。答卷时,考生务必将答案涂写在答题卡上,答在试卷上的无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。学科.网祝各位考生考试顺利第 I 卷注意事项1. 每小题选出答案后,用铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。2. 本卷共 55 小题,共 95 分。第一部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)第一节单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)从 A、B、C 、 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。例Stand over there___________ you’ll be able to see it better.A. or B. and C. but D. while答案是 B。1. Wasn’t Joan supposed to be here by now___________. She will be here in about twenty minutes.A. All right B. Don’t worry C. No wonder D. Enjoy yourself2. Kate, _________sister I shared a room with when we were at college, has gone to work in Australia.A. whom B. that C. whose D. her3. At first Robert wouldn’t let his daughter go diving, but eventually he___________ as she was so confident about her skills.A. gave in B. dressed up C. broke in D. turned up4. Let’s not pick these peaches until this weekend ___________they get sweet enough to be eaten.A. ever since B. as if C. even though D. so that5. I’m moving in a few days and I wonder if you could help.___________. Just let me know when, and I’ll be there.A. You bet B. It depends C. Forget it D. No kidding6. The__________ that there is life on other planets in the universe has always inspired scientists to explore the outer space.zxxkA. advice B. order C. possibility D. invitation7. I need a new passport so I will have to have my photograph ___________.A. taking B. taken C. being taken D. take8. It took him a long time to___________ the skills he needed to become a good dancer.A. display B. acquire C. teach D. test9. The gold medal will be awarded to ___________ wins the first place in the bicycle race.A. whomever B. wherever C. whoever D. whatever10. I can’t find my purse. I___________ it in the supermarket yesterday, but I’m not sure.A. should leave B. must have leftC. might leave D. could have left11. Bob thought he couldn’t go to the party because he had to write a report, but he went ___________.A. at first B. after all C. above all D. at random12. I didn’t mean ___________anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldn’t help_______ it.A. to eat; to try B. eating; tryingC. eating; to try D. to eat; trying13. My washing machine ___________this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.A. was repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. has been repaired14. It was only when the car pulled up in front of our house ___________we saw Lily in the passenger seat.A. which B. that C. when D. where15. If we ___________the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach now.A. had caught B. caught C. have caught D. would catch第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1635 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own 16 .I learned this lesson from an 17 many years ago. I took the head 18 job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.It was a tradition for the school’s old team to play against the 19 team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didn’t even practice to 20 the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldn’t 21 I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to 22 that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were 23 me. I had to change my 24 about their ability and potential.I started doing anything I could to help them build a little 25 . Most important, I began to treat them like 26 . That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their 27 , we met every day and 28 passing and kicking the football.zxxkSix months after suffering our 29 on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to 30 . Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a 31 for us even if we lost the game. But that wasn’t what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest 32 of my lifeFrom the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can 33 the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and 34 them. I helped them to see themselves 35 , and they built themselves into winners.Winners are made, but born.16. A. luck B. tests C. efforts D. nature17. A. experiment B. experience C. visit D. show18. A. operating B. editing C. consulting D. coaching19. A. successful B. excellent C. strong D. new20. A. cheer for B. prepare for C. help with D. finish with21. A. believe B. agree C. describe D. regret22. A. realize B. claim C. permit D. demand23. A. reacting to B. looking for C. depending on D. caring about24. A. decision B. attitude C. conclusion D. intention25. A. pride B. culture C. fortune D. relationship26. A. leaders B. partners C. winners D. learners27. A. rewards B. vacations C. health D. honor28. A. risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced29. A. defeat B. decline C. accident D. mistake30. A. relax B. improve C. expand D. defend31. A. shame B. burden C. victory D. favor32. A. chances B. thrills C. concerns D. offers33. A. surprise B. serve C. interest D. affect 34. A. encouraged B. observed C. protected D. impressed35. A. honestly B. individually C. calmly D. differently第二部分阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2. 5 分,满分 50 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。学科网AFire Prevention InformationThe University of Adelaide employs a full-time staff of fire prevention professionals. They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler喷水灭火装置 systems, fire alarms, and fire extinguishers 灭火器. They also provide educational programs on fire safety in the residence halls. Whenever you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room.Fire AlarmsThe floors of all campus buildings are equipped with manual手动的 fire alarm systems which include fire alarm pull stations and pipes. Most are also equipped with automatic fire alarm systems consisting of heat detectors, smoke detectors and sprinklers. For your safety, never tamper with胡乱摆弄 these systems. False fire alarms are illegal and may lead to imprisonment.Fire DrillsA fire drill will be conducted in your residence hall every semester. During a fire drill, please do the followingTake your room key and ID, close and lock the door to your room.Exit immediately from the nearest emergency exit; do not use a lift.Meet outside of your residence hall and wait for further instructions.Fire ExtinguishersFire extinguishers are located on each floor and in each apartment. Use a fire extinguisher only if you have been trained to do so. Irresponsible use of a fire extinguisher can create a dangerous situation for other residents and could result in damage to personal property. Misuse of a fire extinguisher will result in fines.Smoke DetectorsA smoke detector is on the ceiling in your room. Some buildings also have heat detectors on the ceilings. Do the following to ensure the safe operation of your smoke detector●If your smoke detector is working properly, the red light should be on. If the red light is not blinking闪动, contact residence hall staff immediately.●Do not cover or block your smoke detector in any way.●If a smoke detector sets off an alarm and there is no fire or smoke, inform your hall staff.36. What is the main duty of the fire prevention professionalsA. To provide part-time jobs for students.zxxkB. To lead the students to the nearest exits.C. To check and maintain fire prevention equipment.D. To train teachers to be fire prevention professionals.37. What do the automatic fire alarm systems includeA. Pipes and smoke detectors.B. Smoke detectors and sprinklers.C. Fire alarm pull stations and pipes.D. Sprinklers and fire alarm pull stations.38. In a fire drill, the students should ___________.A. rush quickly to a liftB. gather at the nearest exitC. shut the door and leave at onceD. wait for instructions in the hall39. What do we know about the use of fire extinguishersA. Using them wrongly results in punishment.B. Irresponsible use of them can damage them.C. Improper use of them can destroy the apartment.D. Using them without a trainer present is forbidden.40. To ensure the safe operation of the smoke detector, one should_________.A. contact the hall staff regularlyB. cover the things that burn easilyC. start the smoke detector in a fireD. make certain the red light is workingBWhen I was 17, I read a magazine article about a museum called the McNay, once the home of a watercolorist named Marian McNay. She had requested the community to turn it into a museum upon her death. On a sunny Saturday, Sally and I drove over to the museum. She asked, “Do you have the address ““No, but I’ll recognize it, there was a picture in the magazine. ““Oh, stop. There it is” The museum was free. We entered, excited. A group of people sitting in the hall stopped talking and stared at us. “May I help you“ a man asked. “No, “I said. “We’re fine.” Tour guides got on my nerves. What if they talked a long time about a painting you weren’t that interested in Sally had gone upstairs. The people in the hall seemed very nosy爱窥探的 , keeping their eyes on me with curiosity. What was their problem I saw some nice sculptures in one room. Suddenly I sensed a man standing behind me. “Where do you think you are “ he asked. I turned sharply. “The McNay Art Museum“ He smiled, shaking his head. “Sorry, the McNay is on New Braunfels Street.“ “What’s this place” I asked, still confused. “Well, it’s our home.“ My heart jolted震颤. I raced to the staircase and called out, “Sally Come down immediately ““There’s some really good stuff艺术作品 up there.“ She stepped down, looking confused. I pushed her toward the front door, waving at the family, saying, “Sorry, please forgive us, you have a really nice place.“ Outside, when I told Sally what happened, she covered her mouth, laughing. She couldn’t believe how long they let us look around without saying anything.The real McNay was splendid, but we felt nervous the whole time we were there. Van Gogh, Picasso. This time, we stayed together, in case anything else unusual happened. Thirty years later, a woman approached me in a public place. “Excuse me, did you ever enter a residence, long ago, thinking it was the McNay Museum “ “Yes. But how do you know We never told anyone. ““That was my home. I was a teenager sitting in the hall. Before you came over, I never realized what a beautiful place I lived in. I never felt lucky before. You thought it was a museum. My feelings about my home changed after that. I’ve always wanted to thank you.“41. What do we know about Marian McNayA. She was a painter.B. She was a community leader.C. She was a museum director.D. She was a journalist.42. Why did the author refuse the help from the man in the houseA. She disliked people who were nosy.B. She felt nervous when talking to strangers.C. She knew more about art than the man.D. She mistook him for a tour guide.43. How did the author feel about being stared at by the people in the hallA. Puzzled. B. Concerned. C. Frightened. D. Delighted.44. Why did the author describe the real McNay museum in just a few wordsA. The real museum lacked enough artwork to interest her.B. She was too upset to spend much time at the real museum.C. The McNay was disappointing compared with the house.D. The event happening in the house was more significant.45. What could we learn from the last paragraphA. People should have good taste to enjoy life.B. People should spend more time with their family.C. People tend to be blind to the beauty around them.D. People tend to educate teenagers at a museum.CThere’s a new frontier in 3D printing that’s beginning to come into focus food. Recent development has made possible machines that print, cook, and serve foods on a mass scale. And the industry isn’t stopping there.Food productionWith a 3D printer, a cook can print complicated chocolate sculptures and beautiful pieces for decoration on a wedding cake. Not everybody can do that it takes years of experience, but a printer makes it easy. A restaurant in Spain uses a Foodini to “re-create forms and pieces” of food that are “exactly the same,” freeing cooks to complete other tasks. In another restaurant, all of the dishes and desserts it serves are 3D-printed, rather than farm to table.Sustainability可持续性The global population is expected to grow to 9.6 billion by 2050, and some analysts estimate that food production will need to be raised by 50 percent to maintain current levels. Sustainability is becoming a necessity. 3D food printing could probably contribute to the solution. Some experts believe printers could use hydrocolloids 水解胶体 from plentiful renewables like algae藻类 and grass to replace the familiar ingredients烹饪原料. 3D printing can reduce fuel use and emissions. Grocery stores of the future might stock “food“ that lasts years on end, freeing up shelf space and reducing transportation and storage requirements.zxxkNutritionFuture 3D food printers could make processed food healthier. Hod Lipson, a professor at Columbia University, said, “Food printing could allow consumers to print food with customized nutritional content, like vitamins. So instead of eating a piece of yesterday’s bread from the supermarket, you’d eat something baked just for you on demand.”ChallengesDespite recent advancements in 3D food printing, the industry has many challenges to overcome. Currently, most ingredients must be changed to a paste糊状物学 we are numb麻木的 to new stimulation刺激, new ideas. Relearning the art of seeing the world around us is quite simple, although it takes practice and requires breaking some bad habits.The first step in awakening senses is to stop predicting what we are going to see and feel before it occurs. This blocks awareness. One chilly night when I was hiking in the Rocky Mountains with some students, I mentioned that we were going to cross a mountain stream. The students began complaining about how cold it would be. We reached the stream, and they unwillingly walked ahead. They were almost knee-deep when they realized it was a hot spring. Later they all admitted they’d felt cold water at first.Another block to awareness is the obsession痴迷 many of us have with naming things. I saw bird watchers who spotted a bird, immediately looked it up in field guides, and said, a “ruby-crowned kinglet“ and checked it off. They no longer paid attention to the bird and never learned what it was doing.zxxkThe pressures of “time“ and “destination“ are further blocks to awareness. I encountered man

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