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(精校版)2018年浙江英语高考试题文档版(含答案).doc

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(精校版)2018年浙江英语高考试题文档版(含答案).doc

绝密★启用前2018 年 6 月普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)英 语选择题部分第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸上。学科网第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1.What will James do tomorrow A.Watch a TV program. B.Give a talk. C.Write a report.2.What can we say about the woman A.Shes generous. B.Shes curious. C.Shes helpful.3.When does the train leaveA.At 630. B.At 830. C.At 1030.4.How does the woman go to workA.By car. B.On foot. C.By bike. 5.What is the probable relationship between the speakersA.Classmates. B.Teacher and student. C.Doctor and patient.第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。6.What does the woman regretA.Giving up her research.B.Dropping out of college.C.Changing her major. 7.What is the woman interested in studying nowA.Ecology. B.Education. C.Chemistry. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。8.What is the man A.A hotel manager. B.A tour guide. C.A taxi driver.9.What is the man doing for the womanA.Looking for some local foods.B.Showing her around the seaside.C.Offering information about a hotel.听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。10.Where does the conversation probably take placeA.In an office. B.At home C.At a restaurant.11.What will the speakers do tomorrow eveningA.Go to a concert. B.Visit a friend. C.Work extra hours.12.Who is Alice going to call A.Mike . B.Joan. C.Catherine .听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。13.Why does the woman meet the manA.To look at an apartment.B.To deliver some furniture.C.To have a meal together.14.What does the woman like about the carpetA.Its color. B.Its design. C. Its quality .15.What does the man say about the kitchenA.Its a good size. B.Its newly painted. C. Its adequately equipped .16.What will the woman probably do nextA.Go downtown. B.Talk with her friend. C.Make payment .听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。17.Who is the speaker probably talking toA.Movie fans. B.News reporters. C.College s tudents .18.When did the speaker take English classesA.Before he left his hometown.B.After he came to America.C.When he was 15 years old.19.How does the speaker feel about his teacherA.Hes proud. B.Hes sympathetic. C.Hes grateful .20.What does the speaker mainly talk about A.How education shaped his life.B.How his language skills improved.C.How he managed his business well.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 35 分)第一节(共 10 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 25 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。AIn 1812, the year Charles Dic kens was born, there were 66 novels published in Britain. People had been writing novels for a centurymost experts date the first novel to Robinson Crusoe in 1719but nobody wanted to do it professionally. The steam-powered printing press was still in its early stages; the literacy(识字) rate in England was under 50. Many works of fiction appeared without the names of the authors, often with something like “By a lady.”Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral or just plain bad.In 1870, when Dickens died, the world mourned him as its first professional writer and publisher, famous and beloved, who had led an explosion in both the publication of novels and their readership and whose characters from Oliver Twist to Tiny Tim were held up as moral touchstones. Today Dickens’ greatness is unchallenged. Removing him from the pantheon(名人堂) of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling off the Mona Lisa.How did Dickens get to the top For all the feelings readers attach to stories, literature is a numbers game, and the test of time is extremely difficult to pass. Some 60,000 novels were published during t he Victorian age, from 1837 to1901; today a casual reader might be able to name a half-dozen of them. It’s partly true that Dickens’ style of writing attracted audiences from all walks of life. It’s partly that his writings rode a wave of social, political and scientific progress. But it’s also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center. No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition, energy and luck made Dickens such a distinguished writer. But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible and important for our own cultureto understand how he made himself a lasting one.z.x.xk21. Which of the following best describes British novels in the 18th centuryA. They were difficult to understand.B. They were popular among the rich.C. They were seen as nearly worthless.D. They were written mostly by women.22. Dickens is compared with the Mona Lisa in the text to stress________.A. his reputation in FranceB. his interest in modern artC. his success in publicationD. his importance in literature23. What is the author’s purpose in writing the textA. To remember a great writer.B. To introduce an English novel.C. To encourage studies on culture.D. To promote values of the Victorian age.BSteven Stein likes to follow garbage trucks. His strange habit makes sense when you consider that he’s an environmental scientist who studies how to reduce litter, including things that fall off garbage trucks as they drive down the road. What is even more interesting is that one of Steins jobs is defending an industry behind the plastic shopping bag. Americans use more than 100 billion thin film plastic bags every year. So many end up in tree branches or along highways that a growing number of cities do not allow them at checkouts收银台 . The bags are prohibited in some 90 cities in California, including Los Angeles. Eyeing these headwinds, plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like Stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume.Among the bag makers argument many cities with bans still allow shoppers to purchase paper bags, which are easily recycled but require more energy to produce and transport. And while plastic bags may be ugly to look at, they represent a small percentage of all garbage on the ground today. The industry has also taken aim at the product that has appeared as its replacement reusable shopping bags. The stronger a reusable bag is, the longer its life and the more plastic-bag use it cancels out. However, longer-lasting reusable bags often require more energy to make. One study found that a cotton bag must be used at least 131 times to be better for the planet than plastic.Environmentalists dont dispute(质疑) these points . They hope paper bags will be banned someday too and want shoppers to use the same reusable bags for years.24. What has Steven Stein been hired to doA. Help increase grocery sales.B. Recycle the waste material.C. Stop things falling off trucks.D. Argue for the use of plastic bags.25. What does the word “headwinds”in paragraph 2 refer toA. Bans on plastic bags.B. Effects of city development.C. Headaches caused by garbage.D. Plastic bags hung in trees.26. What is a disadvantage of reusable bags according to plastic-bag makersA. They are quite expensive.B. Replacing them can be difficult.C. They are less strong than plastic bags.D. Producing them requires more energy.27. What is the best title for the textA. Plastic, Paper or NeitherB. Industry, Pollution and EnvironmentC. Recycle or Throw AwayD. Garbage Collection and Waste ControlCAs cultural symbols go, the American car is quite young. The Model T Ford was built at the Piquette Plant in Michigan a century ago, with the first rolling off the assembly line(装配线) on September 27, 1908. Only eleven cars were produced the next month. But eventually Henry Ford would build fifteen million of them.Modern America was born on the road, behind a wheel. The car shaped some of the most lasting aspects of American culture the roadside diner, the billboard, the motel, even the hamburger. For most of the last century, the car represented what it meant to be Americangoing forward at high speed to find new worlds. The road novel, the road movie, these are the most typical American ideas, born of abundant petrol, cheap cars and a never-ending interstate highway system, the l argest public works project in history.In 1928 Herbert Hoover imagined an Ameri ca with “a chicken in every pot and a car in every garage.” Since then, this society has moved onward, never looking back, as the car transformed America from a farm-based society into an industrial power.zx.x.kThe cars that drove the American Dream have helped to create a global ecological disaster. In America the demand for oil has grown by 22 percent since 1990.The problems of excessive(过度的)energy consumption, climate change and population growth have been described in a book by the American writer Thomas L. Friedman. He fears the worst, but hopes for the best.Friedman points out that the green economy(经济)is a chance to keep American strength. “The ability to design, build and export green technologies for producing clean water, clean air and healthy and abundant food is going to be the currency of power in the new century.”28. Why is hamburger mentioned in paragraph 2A. To explain Americans’ love for travelling by car.B. To show the influence of cars on American culture.C. To stress the popularity of fast food with Americans.D. To praise the effectiveness of America’s road system.29. What has the use of cars in America led toA. Decline of economy. B. Environmental problems.C. A shortage of oil supply. D. A farm-based society.30. What is Friedman’s attitude towards America’s futureA. Ambiguous. B. Doubtful. C. Hopeful. D. Tolerant.第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of course, you want to make sure that you become an accepted and valuable part of your new neighborhood. The easiest way to accomplish this is to make sure you conduct yourself as a good neighbor should. ___31_____Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to keep your property房产 neat, clean, and in good repair. _____32_ __ By choosing to keep the outside of the home in great shape, you will help to improve the look and feel of the area.Second, take the overall appearance of the neighborhood seriously. When going for a walk, take along a small garbage bag. ____33_____ This small act will let your neighbors know that you care about the area.______34____ If a neighbor is going to be out of town, offer to collect mail and newspapers. If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the groce ry shopping . Let them know that you are there to help in any way that is acceptable, while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor._____35__ _ By following the basic rules of respecting others, takin g care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in general, you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciates.A. In general, keep an eye on their property while they are gone.B.A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways.C. Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior.D. Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping.E. Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car, pick it up.F. People tend to take pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and inviting.G. Here are a few tips to help you win over everyone in the neighborhood quickly.第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分)第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。We have all heard how time is more valuable than money, but is it 36 to have too much timeI 37 back in high school I spent most of my day at school since I also 38 a team sport. By the time I got home, I only had a few hours to do my homework, and I had to do it ___39____.When I got into college, things ____40. I suddenly found myself out of class before noon time. Because of all this ____41___ time there was no sense of ___42____ to do my school work immediately. I was performing this action of waiting until it later became a 43 .Once that happened, I just kept 44 my studying further and further back in my day. Then I got to the point where I was 45 really late at night to get my work done.One day I 46 a former classmate of mine who was 47 a lot of money running a sideline副业.Since his regular job was 48 ,I asked him why he just didnt do his sideline full-time. He said without the job, he would 49 have too much time and would just do what I did back in 50 .He said that if he 51 the job, he would lose his 52 to work and succeed.So, try 53 your time with other work. This is why there is a 54 that if you want something done, ask a 55 person to do it.36.A.true B. fair C. strange D. possible37.A.remember B. admit C. understand D. expect38.A. watched B. loved C. coached D. played 39.A.at last B. right away C. of course D. as usual40.A.happend B. repeated C, changed D. mattered41.A.extra B .difficult C. valuable D. limited42.A.duty B. achievement C .urgency D. direction 43.A.burden B. relief C. risk D. habit44. A. pushing B. taking C. setting D. calling45. A. hanging out B. staying up C. jogging round D. showing off46. A. met B. helped C. treated D. hired47. A . raising B. wasting C. demanding D. making48. A. safe B. important C. boring D. rewarding49.A. luckily B. hardly C. hopefully D. simply50.A. childhood B. college C. town D. business51.A. quit B. found C. accepted D. kept52. A. heart B. chance C. drive D. way53.A. saving B. filling up C. giving up D. trading54. A. message B. story C. saying D. fact55. A. careful B. busy C. reliable D. kind非选择题部分第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分)第二节(共 10 小题每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。学科网Few people I know seem to have much desire or time to cook. Making Chinese 56 dish is seen as especially troublesome. Many westerners 57 come to China cook much less than in their own countries once they realize how cheap 58 can be to eat out. I still remember 59 visit a friend who’d lived here for five years and I 60 shock when I learnt she hadn’t cooked once in all that time.While regularly eating out seems to 61 become common for many young people in recent years, it’s not without a cost. The obvious one is money; eating out once or twice a week may be 62 afford but doing this most days adds up. There could be an even 63 high cost on your health. Researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in 64 weigh problems.If you are not going to suffer this problem, then I suggest that the next time you go to your mum’s home __65__ dinner, get a few cooking tips from her. Cooking food can be fun. You might also begin to notice the effects not only on your health but in your pocke

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